University of Michigan DMA, composition 1985-91
Cognates: music history, music theory, computer science

University of Tennessee MM, composition 1981-85

University of North Carolina, Charlotte special student 1980-81

Davidson College BA, music (trumpet) 1975-79

Private study, composition: Leslie Bassett, William Bolcom, William Albright,
John A. Lennon, Nicholas Thorne, George Balch Wilson, Andrew Imbrie,
Kenneth Jacobs, Allen Johnson, Thomas Turner

Additional training:
Institute for Writing and Thinking, Bard College 2013
Chairing the Academic Department, American Council on Education 2008
Intensive Csound Workshop, Jon Christopher Nelson, instructor 1999
Summer Workshop in Electronic Music, Oberlin College 1995